If you want to eat steak, meat soup, or a burger, do not forget to order orange juice as a beverage companion. Therefore, the flavonoids in orange juice can neutralize the oxidative and inflammation produced by the high fatty foods and carbohydrates as well as help prevent damage to blood vessels.
Free radicals are known to induce inflammation in the lining of blood vessels and contribute to the risk of heart attack and stroke. In a recent study at the University of Buffalo, endocrinologists say a potential effect of orange juice as mentioned above may be derived from the antioxidant flavonoids naringenin and hesperidin.
“Our data indicate that drinking orange juice with a meal high fat and carbohydrates prevented an increase in reactive oxygen species and other inflammatory,” says UB Husam Ghanim, PhD, principal investigator of this study.
“The problem of inflammation after a meal is important because high glucose and triglyceride levels known to be associated with the development of cardiovascular events.” Orange juice also prevents an increase in SOCS-3, an important mediator of insulin resistance, which contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes.
“These data emphasize that food high in fats and carbohydrates will accelerate the inflammation,” said Paresh Dandona, MD, professor of the Diabetes-Endocrinology Center of Western New York.
“In addition, specific proinflammatory genes activated after glucose intake, high fat and carbohydrate. This change was observed in mononuclear cells that participate in vascular inflammation and insulin resistance,” he said.